Coal Mining & Exploration in Africa
Coal, a fossil fuel is the largest source of energy for producing electricity, heat and various other energy types present on the earth’s surface. It is a complex mixture of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen together with small amounts of nitrogen and sulphur. Due to the increasing demand of coal and coal products, coal mining and exploration is on all time high. It still continues to be an important activity today. Coal mining is defined as economic excavation of coal from the earth’s crust. Mining companies from around the world are continuously involved in the process of coal mining throughout the year to meet the rising demand of coal. Through technological advancements and extensive research, these companies have found huge coal mines in various parts of the world. Leading coal mining countries include South Africa, Australia, China, Colombia, United States and Ukraine. However, coal mining exploration is considered as the most profitable economic activity in Africa owing to its geographical conditions and unmatched infrastructure.
Coal Mining in Africa
Africa is one of the largest producer of coal in the world. Coal mining companies have found large deposits of coal mines in various areas of Africa. However, of all the leading countries, South Africa tops the chart of having most number of coal mines in Africa. According to latest statistics, South Africa has 11% of world’s coal reserves and produces 6% of global production. Around 80% of the country’s primary energy needs are provided by coal. Various other countries in Africa continuously involved in the process of coal mining exploration in Africa include Mozambique, Kwazulu, Zambia and many such places. With the aid of technological advancements, Coal mining and exploration is emerging as a future potential source of energy both for Africa as well as for the world.
Coal Exploration in Africa
Coal exploration is a complex process of finding coal reserves around various places in the world. The technique requires intensive planning and extensive research done by experienced geologists, coal technologists, mining engineers and geotechnologists. The main aim is the exploration of coal mines for extracting thermal coal and coking coal for various industrial applications. Today, coal exploration in Africa is considered the most fruitful activity as it has been largely serving the economy of Africa. Coal exploration companies are eyeing various areas of Africa for discovering new coal reserves. Coal mines have been found in various parts of Africa including South Africa, Zambezie around Tete province, Mutarara province and various such regions of Africa.
(Taken from http://www.rachanaglobal.com)